The Innovation and Networks Executive Agency (INEA) is a successor to the Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency (TEN-T EA).
INEA officially started its activities on 1 January 2014 in order to implement parts of the following EU programmes:
- Connecting Europe Facility (CEF)
- Horizon 2020
- Legacy programmes: TEN-T and Marco Polo 2007-2013
INEA’s main objective is to increase the efficiency of the technical and financial management of the programmes it manages.
An effective TEN-T Network benefits all European citizens by allowing more efficient and more environmentally friendly transport, while reinforcing economic and social cohesion across the continent at the same time.
The TEN-T Network is a major element for economic growth and job creation in Europe because the existence of an integrated, technology-led and user-friendly transport system is regarded as a key factor for the competitiveness of the Union. The TEN-T is essential to facilitate the mobility of persons, goods and services and thus to the establishment of the internal market and the economic and social cohesion of the Union.
Envisioning such a network, the European Commission’s programme dedicates financial support towards the realisation of important transport infrastructure projects – in line with the overreaching goal of European competitiveness, job creation and cohesion.
With these ambitions in mind, the Brussels-based TEN-T Executive Agency was created by the European Commission in 2006. The Agency is in charge of all open TEN-T projects under the 2000-2006 and 2007-2013 funding schemes. The projects represented all transport modes – air, rail, road, and maritime/inland waterway – plus logistics and intelligent transport systems, and involve all EU Member States.
Its status as an Executive Agency means that although independent, the TEN-T EA is closely linked with its parent, Directorate-General Mobility and Transport (DG MOVE). DG MOVE deals with all policy-making issues related to the TEN-T programme, while the Agency existed to execute the programme’s specific tasks with a limited duration. The TEN-T EA was then succeeded by the INEA (in January 2014).
Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) Transport
A new policy framework
- The revised policy guidelines for the TEN-T network (the TEN-T Guidelines) propose a new planning of the TEN-T development, at two levels. The first level is constituted by a larger, basic network, called the “comprehensive network”. This network includes the relevant existing and planned infrastructure in the Member States, and its outline is the result of the updating and adjustment of the existing TEN-T map. The second level (or layer) is constituted of the strategically most important parts of the TEN-T. It was identified on the basis of a specially designed European methodology, and it is titled the “core network”.
- The Comprehensive Network will ensure effective access to and from the core network to all citizens and businesses in the EU. It will ensure that the implementation of the TEN-T policy will contribute to territorial cohesion and will provide accessibility for all regions, including peripheral and ultra-peripheral regions of the Union. The date for the completion of this wide covering network, deploying high quality and safety standards, has been set for 2050.
- The Core Network will be formed of those parts of the TEN-T that carry the main concentration of trans-national traffic ﬂows for both freight and passengers. It will ensure the effective connectivity of the Eastern and Western parts of the Union and of its peripheral regions to the central ones. It will provide efficient multi-modal links between the EU capitals, the main socio-economic centres and the main ports and airports of the Union. Due to its strategic importance, its completion has been given priority. 2030 has thus been set as the target for the full completion of the core network.
- The Multimodal Corridors will help ensure the coordinated implementation of the core network. They will provide a platform for capacity management, investments, building and coordinating multimodal transhipment facilities, and deploying interoperable traffic management systems.
The new policy approach will place greater emphasis on ensuring:
- effective interconnectivity across borders – cross-border links, and between modes – multimodal platforms
- effective interoperability – wide deployment and interoperability of intelligent traffic management systems
- and enhanced safety and environmental friendliness of transport infrastructure – by promoting innovative technological developments